FTP

So you want to dedicate a website to your Grandmother's Peanut Butter & Pea Soup recipe, or maybe you've sworn off using floppies and wish to access/store your files via a web server. Well in order to do either one of these you must get your files onto a web server using ftp.

Ftp (File Transfer Protocol) allows the transfer of files from one computer to another. This could mean that a web server takes the place of those floppies you've been carrying around for years. It is also necessary when developing websites because all you work is on the computer in front of you; none of it is visible on the Internet until you transfer (ftp) your work to a web server.

There is some basic information you need to know to ftp:

Once you have that information you can begin ftp-ing. There are many programs to choose from that will allow you to ftp. Dreamweaver, WS_ftp, Internet Explorer 5.0, Transmit for the Mac are just a few. There are two parts to most ftp programs, configuring and using.

 

 

Dreamweaver is an HTML editing program with built-in ftp functionality. To configure an ftp account in Dreamweaver:

1. From the menus at the top of the Dreamweaver window, select Site > Define Sites.... The following Define Sites window will appear.

2a. If you have already set up a local site in Dreamweaver, skip to step 6.

Else 2b. To set up a new ftp account from scratch, click on the New... button. The following window will appear.

3. The Site Name field is an arbitrary name that you make up. For example, if you are configuring the account for your EN101 online course, it would probably be a good idea to have the Site Name be My EN101 Course.

4. The Local Root Folder is the folder on your local computer that contains your website material. If you do not know the exact path of the folder that contains your website work, click on the folder icon and browse through your computer.

5. Keep the Refresh Local File List Automatically checked. The rest of the information in this window is optional.

6. In the upper left-hand side of this window, click on Web Server Info. The following window will appear.

7. In the Server Access: field, select FTP. More fields will now appear in this window. The FTP Host: field is where you type in your server address/name. The Host Directory: field is where you type in the path of your directory on the server. The Login: and Password: fields are where you will type in your ftp username and password. Below is an example of an account for nwood on the MVCC server, for the EN101 online course.

Once you have filled in those 4 pieces of information, click OK.

You will see the Define Sites window again, click Done. The following Site Files window will now appear.

If you do not see the Site Files window (shown below), select Site > Site Files.

Notice how the arbitrary name you specified for this ftp account now appears in the drop down box in the upper left. Also, in the right pane the contents of your local root folder are visible. You must now make a connection to the server to begin ftp-ing.

8. Click on the Connect button, located in the upper middle of the Site Files window, to connect to the server. Once you have successfully connected to the server you will see the files already on the server.

9. Now you may use the Put and Get buttons, located in the upper right, to move files from your local computer to the server, and vice versa.

Command
Description
Useful for...
Copies files selected in the Local Folder pane (right side) to the Remote Site pane, or server. Say you've just created your entire website but its only on your computer in your office. No one will be able to view your website until you have "Put" your files onto the server.
Copies files selected in the Remote Site pane (left side) to the Local Folder pane, or your computer. Say you want to make a change to some text on an existing web page, you would "Get" it off the server onto your computer, make your changes and then "Put" the file back on the server where the changes are viewable by the world.

NOTE: If your files need to be Put into a folder on the Remote Site (i.e. a graphic into the folder Images), you must first click on the Remote Site folder that the file will reside in (i.e. click on the folder Images in the Remote Site pane) and then Put the files, otherwise your file will be "Put" into the root (main) directory of the Remote Site.

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Internet Explorer 5.0 is an Internet browser with ftp capabilities. To configure an ftp account in Internet Explorer:

1. Open up Internet Explorer by either double clicking on the icon on your desktop, or navigating through Start -> Programs -> Internet Explorer. You will see something like the following window:

2. In the address bar at the top of the browser window, type in ftp:// followed by the web server name, followed by the path of your directory on the server. Below is are some examples.

Web Server Name
Path of Your Directory on the Server
What to type in the address bar...
www.mvcc.edu /courses/SO101 ftp://www.mvcc.edu/courses/SO101
www.mvcc.edu /~nwood ftp://www.mvcc.edu/~nwood
ftp.gnu.org /gnu ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu

3. Hit Enter.

4. A new window will appear asking for your username and password. Fill in the appropriate information and then click on Login.

NOTE: On the Mac, a window will appear asking for User ID, Password, and Account. You only need to fill in the User ID (username) and Password fields.

6. Your browser will now list all of your files/folders on the server.

Below are directions for Uploading (getting files from your local computer onto a server) and Downloading (getting files from a server onto your local computer) files with Internet Explorer:

MAC: Download Only...

Download:
1. Click and Hold your mouse on the filename that you wish to download
2. A list of options will appear.
3. Select Download link to disk
4. A new window will appear showing the contents of your computer. You must now choose where to save the file you wish to download.
5. Once you've selected the file's location, Click Save. The file will now be downloaded onto your computer.

PC: Upload and Download

Upload:
1. Minimize your Internet Explorer window and find the file on your computer that you wish to upload to the server.
2. Click once on the file to select it (it should now be highlighted in blue).
3. Under the Edit menu at the top, select Copy.
4. Maximize your Internet Explorer window.
5. Under the Edit menu at the top, select Paste.
6. The file in question should now appear in the listing of files on the server.
Download:
1. Right click once on the file you wish to download. This will cause a menu to appear.
2. From the menu that appears, select Copy to Folder...
3. A new window will appear showing the contents of your computer. You must now choose where to save the file you wish to download.
4. Once you've selected the file's location, Click OK. The file will now be downloaded onto your computer.

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If you need further, or more advanced, help with ftp you may contact Norma Chrisman in the Faculty/Staff Resource Center (315-792-5398).

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